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Most Frette fabrics can be washed in water. The sooner you wash, the better it is for the fabric, so wash dirty linens right away.
These fibres can usually be washed in water, though linen may shrink. Dry-cleaning is not advised.
These fibres are best professionally cleaned, though they can be hand-washed in water with extreme care. If using a clothes washer, select a delicate cycle using cold water, or water at max. 30°C/85°F. Silk and wool require special care when drying and ironing. If the right equipment is not available, have them professionally cleaned. High temperatures and vigorous spinning can seriously damage products made from fibres such as these.
Blended fabrics can sometimes be washed in water. Use the procedure prescribed for the most delicate fibre in the blend, in the following order (from most to least delicate): wool, silk, linen, cotton. Fabrics containing more than three fibres should be dry-cleaned.
All natural fibres shrink after being washed in water. The percentage of shrinkage varies from 3 to 10%. The amount of shrinkage depends on the fibre and on the washing temperature. The colder the wash water, the better it is for your household linen. Wool is particularly subject to shrinkage when washed.
Sort your household linen by fibre (cotton, linen, silk, wool), colour (whites, light colours, dark colours) and type of item (sheets, towels, tablecloths). Do not include items made of synthetic fibres. Also, do not include garments with components that could damage fabrics (zippers, hooks, metal parts, etc.)
Delicate items with lace and embroidery must be enclosed in a large, thin mesh. Pillow cases and duvet covers can be washed inside out to protect the lace.
Ensure that your washer is fully operational and can perform the following cycles: whites: 50°/60°C - 120°/140°F, colours: 30°/40°C - 85°/105°F, delicate fabrics: cold water/30°C - cold water/85°F cold final rinse, pre-soaking.
When the wash cycle is completed, remove the laundry immediately and shake it to minimise wrinkles. Never over-fill the washer drum.
Always use the lowest possible water temperature, following these guidelines for cotton and linen: whites at 60°C/140°F, colours at 40°/105°FC. These are the maximum temperatures you may use. If the laundry is lightly soiled, it can be washed at 40°C/105°F for whites and at 30°C/85°F for colours. For a cleaner wash, pre-soak the laundry instead of increasing water temperature. Use maximum temperatures only on the hardest-to-clean articles.
Household linen must be washed before it is used for the first time, because fine fabrics are not pre-washed. Be especially careful with the first wash because the lasting beauty of the fabric depends upon it. Make sure the items are unfolded when loading the machine. Begin with a pre-soak in cold water and a little detergent. Then run a washing cycle at low temperature, using little detergent. Finally, rinse in cold water.
When washing heavily soiled or new household linen, pre-soak using a little detergent. If the washer does not have a pre-wash/soak cycle, hand-soak.
Use neutral, liquid, biodegradable detergent - especially when washing at high temperatures. Avoid powdered detergent - or make sure it is fully dissolved before the water touches the fabric, if necessity dictates. The amount of detergent depends upon how soiled the laundry is and on the hardness of the water. Use a smaller amount than specified on the package because such instructions usually over-estimate the required amount. When washing lightly soiled laundry, use half the specified amount. Never use detergents containing alkalis. Avoid using detergents containing whiteners, bleach or optical brighteners. Bleach might damage colour and fabric, while optical brighteners, due to the presence of blue particles, alter the fabric colour over time.
Rotate bed sheet usage so that you have at least one set in the wardrobe, one set on the bed and one set in the wash. Determine how dirty the sheet is and choose the proper washing cycle. Some hair and skin care products contain oxidants that may affect colours. Make sure such products don't come into direct contact with pillowcases and bed sheets. Foods and beverage stains should also be avoided at all costs.
Professionally wash piqu or quilted items. Wool blankets should also be professionally cleaned.
To wash new towels, follow the instructions in the paragraph "First Wash". With proper washing, the weave in terry cloth becomes compact and fraying is prevented. Softness and absorbency also increase. Do not use fabric softener. Do not iron.
Tablecloths must be washed in water. Do not dry clean or use fabric softener. Silk tablecloths should be professionally washed.
Do not spin household linen too long or too strenuously. For cotton and linen, use a medium cycle (400-600 RPM). Avoid spinning delicate fibres.
Open each item and shake before hanging. Do not dry longer than necessary. When machine drying, never dry at high temperatures. If your dryer is adjustable, use the medium fan and spin speed. Remove laundry right away, iron it and fold it. Do not place coloured articles in direct sunlight. The sun makes whites seem shinier, but extended exposure may cause yellowing. Do not hang wool and delicate items vertically. After removing excess water, wrap woollen articles in a worn cotton bed sheet. Lay the sheet horizontally on a clotheshorse.
Use a good steam iron, not a mangle. Avoid using starch spray. Iron bed sheet and tablecloths while they are still damp: it's easier. Take care when ironing lace. Iron embroidery and jacquards inside out. Choose the proper temperature, as indicated by the symbols on the care label: medium/high for cotton and linen, low for silk and wool.
Fold the linen flat and make sure it is not exposed to direct light for extended periods. Cover wooden shelves with paper and place small lavender bags in your wardrobe cabinets.